Dundrennan

   DUNDRENNAN, a village, in the parish of Rerwick, stewartry of Kirkcudbright, 4 miles (E. S. E.) from Kirkcudbright; containing 202 inhabitants. This place, which is situated in a beautiful valley, about a mile and a half from the north-western shore of Solway Frith, is celebrated for its ancient abbey, founded in 1142 by Fergus, lord of Galloway, for monks of the Cistercian order whom he brought from Rivaulx, in the county of York. The establishment, of which Sylvanus was the first abbot, continued to flourish under his successors till the Reformation; and after its dissolution in 1561, its revenues, amounting to £500, were, upon the death of the last abbot, annexed by James VI. to his royal chapel of Stirling. During the incumbency of the last abbot (Edward Maxwell, son of Lord John Herries), Mary, Queen of Scots, on her flight from the disastrous battle of Langside, arrived at this place, where she spent the night previous to her embarkation for England, for which she sailed from a small creek surrounded by precipitous cliffs, and since called PortMary in commemoration of the event. The village has a pleasingly rural appearance; the houses are neatly built, and ornamented with trees of ancient growth, and there are two comfortable inns for the reception of visiters. In the vicinity is the elegant mansion of Dundrennan, the seat of the Maitland family; and the place derives much interest from the venerable ruins of the abbey, and the beauty and variety of the surrounding scenery.
   The ruins are situated on a gentle acclivity rising from a narrow vale, through which flows the streamlet called Abbey Burn, and consist chiefly of parts of the conventual church, originally a stately cruciform structure in the early English style, with a central tower 200 feet in height. Several of the monuments are still remaining, though in a greatly dilapidated condition. Among these is the tomb of Alan, lord of Galloway, who was interred in the church in 1233, and whose recumbent effigy in armour, and cross-legged, is sculptured in high relief, but much mutilated; and the tomb of one of the abbots in his canonicals is in tolerable preservation, though the inscription is totally obliterated. For the preservation of these remains, Mr. Maitland some years since presented a memorial to the commissioners of woods and forests, proposing to relinquish all his right of property in the abbey, on condition of its receiving from the crown protection from further dilapidation. In accordance with this proposal, the remains have been secured from decay, and, with the surrounding burialground, inclosed with a high fence of stone. The pavements of the church have been cleared from all accumulations of rubbish, and reduced to their ancient level; and many of the monuments, and of the beautifully clustered columns and gracefully pointed arches, have been restored. The whole, therefore, now exhibits one of the best preserved and most interesting relics of monastic architecture in the kingdom.

A Topographical dictionary of Scotland. . 1856.

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  • Dundrennan — (Gaelic: Dun Droighnein) is a village in Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland, about five miles east of Kirkcudbright. Its population is around 230. It is most notable for the ruins of Dundrennan Abbey, a 12th century Cistercian monastery. The weapons …   Wikipedia

  • Dundrennan Abbey — Monastery information Order Cistercian Established 1142 Disestablished …   Wikipedia

  • Dundrennan, Abbey of — • In Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland; a Cistercian house founded in 1142 by King David I and Fergus Lord of Galloway for monks brought from Rievaulx in Yorkshire Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Dundrennan Abbey — Zisterzienserabtei Dundrennan Lage: Vereinigtes Königreich Schottland Ordnungsnummer (nach Janauschek): 172 Patrozinium: Gründungsjahr: 1142 Jahr der Auflösung/ Aufhebung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dundrennan Range — Coordinates: 54°48′N 4°00′W / 54.8°N 4°W / 54.8; 4 Dundrennan Range is a weapons testing range on the Solway Firth, near …   Wikipedia

  • Abbaye de Dundrennan — Ruines de l abbatiale de Dundrennan Présentation Nom local Dundrennan Abbey Type Abbaye Début de la construction …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kloster Dundrennan — Zisterzienserabtei Dundrennan Kloster Dundrennan Lage Vereinigtes Konigreich …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abadía de Dundrennan — Ruinas de la abadía de Dundrennan Edificio Tipo Abadía Estilo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Abbot of Dundrennan — Effigy of an early thirteenth century abbot of Dundrennan. The Abbot of Dundrennan was the head of the Cistercian monastic community of Dundrennan Abbey, Galloway. It was founded by Fergus of Galloway in 1142. Dundrennan was a large and powerful… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Maitland, Lord Dundrennan — (October 9, 1792 ndash; June 10, 1851) was a Scottish lawyer and judge. He was Solicitor General for Scotland between 1840 and 1841 and again between 1846 and 1850. He was also Member of Parliament for Kirkcudbrightshire between 1845 and 1850. In …   Wikipedia

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